In response to the requirements of the society of indigenous peoples and the trend of world, the Executive Yuan started to establish the authority of central ministry level to be specifically responsible for the affairs of indigenous peoples in 1996, during the establishment, organic rules were also drafted as the legal basis of for the authority establishment. On November 1 of the same year, the Legislative Yuan reviewed and passed the “Organic Rules of Council of Indigenous Peoples, Executive Yuan ”, and the Executive Yuan officially established “Council of Indigenous Peoples, Executive Yuan” on December 10 in the same year to the solely responsible for overall planning of affairs of indigenous peoples, which achieved a new milestone in the history of ethnic policy of our country, formulated and promoted the policy of indigenous peoples, was more consistent and proactive, and expressed the function of overall planning, leading the indigenous peoples to an all-around development in stepping into a new century.
In response to the functional business and structural adjustment of Taiwan provincial government, the original Council of Indigenous Peoples of Taiwan Provincial Government was dissolved and combined into CIP starting from July 1, 1999, and central office was set in Jhongsing Village; the Cultural Park Administration Department subordinated to the original Council of Indigenous Peoples of Taiwan Provincial Government was also subordinated into CIP at the same time. On January 4, 2002, Legislative Yuan reviewed and passed the amendment of partial articles of the organic rules of the CIP, and the name of CIP was officially changed in “Council of Indigenous Peoples, Executive Yuan” on March 23 in the same year, Social Welfare Department was changed into “Health Welfare Department”, and Economic and Land Development Department was adjusted and changed into two departments, namely “Economic and Public Construction Department” and “Land Administration Department”.
In coordination with the amendment of Organic Act of Executive Yuan, the name of CIP was changed into “Council of Indigenous Peoples”, Planning Department was changed into “Comprehensive Planning Department”, Health Welfare Department was changed into “Social Welfare Department”, Economic and Public Construction Department was adjusted and changed into two departments, namely “Economic Development Department” and “Public Construction Department” and “Public Construction Department”, besides, Government Ethnics Office was set additionally, totally including 6 business units, 4 auxiliary units and 1 task group.